Other recommendations while trying to conceive is to not drink any alcohol, or smoke cigarettes, and try to wean yourself off of any drugs.
Amphetamines are stimulatory drugs that are highly addictive. It is highly recommended to not use Methamphetamines while pregnant. It is unlikely that the pure form causes any malformations in your baby but chemical additives are commonly used by drug dealers to expand drug volume, and these additives may cause birth defects.
Amphetamines seem to, however, affect the growth of the baby and may be associated with premature delivery. Finally, if commonly used, it appears to be associated with neonatal and childhood muscle and psychological issues.
Anxiety is common and many women will experience a worsening of their anxiety while pregnant. Many women take anti-anxiety medications from the Benzodiazepine drug family such as diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®) and alprazolam (Xanax®) prior to pregnancy.
They are, however, not felt to be completely safe to take while pregnant. They cross easily into the placenta and the baby. Brain developmental issues, malformations such as cleft lip, premature birth, low birth weight and general behavioral developmental issues seem to be related to their use in pregnancy. Low blood sugar and respiratory problems in the newborn may also occur. Neonatal withdrawal symptoms has been noted as well.
Do talk to your medical health providers if you are on one of these medications and you are newly pregnant. The best option is usually to try to switch to an antidepressant that has an anti-anxiety effect since they seem to be safer. However, not all antidepressants are safe during pregnancy.
Adderall® is a popular drug used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is also often used as a performance enhancer. Adderall® belongs to the amphetamine class and is it may lead to an increased risk of preterm birth as well as low birth weight.
If you take it while pregnant, your newborn may experience some withdrawal symptoms when born and will most likely need to be watched in the neonatal intensive care unit. Behavioral problems may also occur later in childhood. It is a good idea to stop taking it while pregnant. Do talk to your medical care provider about how to wean yourself off it and find another alternative.
The effect on marijuana on pregnancy is not very clear. It does stay in your body for up to 3 after you stop taking it and a urine screen can remain positive for about 2 months after the last use.
Marijuana does not seem to cause any fetal malformations nor does it seem to affect fetal growth, rate of early deliveries, or a baby’s IQ. However, Marijuana use in pregnancy may affect your child’s problem solving skills as well as cause deficits in learning and memory.
There might therefore be some long-term problems from taking it while pregnant. It is a good idea to stop using it when pregnant. The American Academy of Pediatrics also discourages smoking marijuana while breastfeeding due to potential risks to your infant.