IUGR stands for intrauterine growth retardation or restriction. The term is used when your baby’s weight is below the 10th percentile in weight for its gestational age.
It is often due to the placenta not functioning well. Sufficient nutrients will not be passed on to the baby, stunting its growth. Common causes of this are high blood pressure, maternal anemia and uterine abnormalities.
Problems with your baby itself is also a common cause of IUGR. This includes congenital malformations in your baby and chromosomal problems.
If your baby has IUGR, your baby will be watched very carefully. Frequent Non Stress Tests (NST) and ultrasounds will often be done. An early labor induction might be recommended as well since there is a chance that you can have fetal demise if the pregnancy is allowed to continue.